1997.bib

@comment{{This file has been generated by bib2bib 1.92}}
@comment{{Command line: /home/korin/bibtex2html-1.92-LINUX/bib2bib -oc /home/korin/projects/publications/new_output/transitdata/1997-citations -ob /home/korin/projects/publications/new_output/transitdata/1997.bib -c 'year : "1997"' /home/korin/projects/publications/filtlists/full_publications_list.bib}}
@inproceedings{Williams_1997_a,
  author = {Williams, Briony J. and Isard, Stephen},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Williams_1997_a.ps},
  title = {A keyvowel approach to the synthesis of regional accents of {E}nglish},
  booktitle = {Eurospeech 97},
  address = {Rhodes, Greece},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Williams_1997_a.pdf},
  categories = {synthesis}
}
@inproceedings{fitt_eurospeech97,
  author = {Fitt, Sue},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Fitt_1997_a.ps},
  title = {The generation of regional pronunciations of {E}nglish for speech synthesis},
  booktitle = {Proc. Eurospeech 1997},
  address = {Rhodes, Greece},
  month = {September},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Fitt_1997_a.pdf},
  abstract = {Most speech synthesisers and recognisers for English currently use pronunciation lexicons in standard British or American accents, but as use of speech technology grows there will be more demand for the incorporation of regional accents. This paper describes the use of rules to transform existing lexicons of standard British and American pronunciations to a set of regional British and American accents. The paper briefly discusses some features of the regional accents in the project, and the framework used for generatiing pronunciations. Certain theoretical and practical problems are highlighted; for some of these, solutions are suggested, but it is shown that some difficulties cannot be resolved by automatic rules. However, althought the method described cannot produce phonetic transcriptions with 100\% accuracy, it is more accurate than using letter-to-sound rules, and faster than producing transcriptions by hand.},
  categories = {speech synthesis, lexicon, accents, regional pronunciation}
}
@inproceedings{clark_gala97,
  author = {Clark, Robert A. J.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/clark_gala97.ps},
  title = {Language Acquisition and Implication for Language Change: A Computational Model},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the {GALA} 97 Conference on Language Acquisition},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/clark_gala97.pdf},
  pages = {322-326},
  categories = {lm}
}
@inproceedings{king:portele:hoefer:eurospeech1997,
  author = {King, Simon and Portele, Thomas and H\"ofer, Florian},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/King_Portele_Hoefer_eurospeech1997.ps},
  title = {Speech synthesis using non-uniform units in the {V}erbmobil project},
  booktitle = {Proc. {E}urospeech 97},
  address = {Rhodes, Greece},
  month = {September},
  volume = {2},
  pages = {569-572},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/King_Portele_Hoefer_eurospeech1997.pdf},
  abstract = {We describe a concatenative speech synthesiser for British English which uses the HADIFIX inventory structure originally developed for German by Portele. An inventory of non-uniform units was investigated with the aim of improving segmental quality compared to diphones. A combination of soft (diphone) and hard concatenation was used, which allowed a dramatic reduction in inventory size. We also present a unit selection algorithm which selects an optimum sequence of units from this inventory for a given phoneme sequence. The work described is part of the concept-to-speech synthesiser for the language and speech project Verbmobil which is funded by the German Ministry of Science (BMBF).},
  categories = {}
}
@inproceedings{kessens-CLS-97,
  author = {Kessens, J.M. and Wester, M.},
  title = {Improving Recognition Performance by Modelling Pronunciation Variation},
  booktitle = {Proc. CLS opening Academic Year '97 '98},
  address = {Nijmegen},
  pages = {1-20},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/kessens.1997.1.pdf},
  abstract = {This paper describes a method for improving the performance of a continuous speech recognizer by modelling pronunciation variation. Although the improvements obtained with this method are small, they are in line with those reported by other authors. A series of experiments was carried out to model pronunciation variation. In the first set of experiments word internal pronunciation variation was modelled by applying a set of four phonological rules to the words in the lexicon. In the second set of experiments, variation across word boundaries was also modelled. The results obtained with both methods are presented in detail. Furthermore, statistics are given on the application of the four phonological rules on the training database. We will explain why the improvements obtained with this method are small and how we intend to increase the improvements in our future research.},
  categories = {asr, pm, VIOS, Nijmegen}
}
@inproceedings{Shimodaira1997Eurospeech,
  author = {Shimodaira, Hiroshi and Nakai, Mitsuru and Kumata, Akihiro},
  title = {{Restration of Pitch Pattern of Speech Based on a Pitch Gereration Model}},
  booktitle = {Proc. EuroSpeech'97},
  month = {September},
  pages = {512--524},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/euro97.pdf},
  abstract = {In this paper a model-based approach for restoring a continuous fundamental frequency (F0) contour from the noisy output of an F0 extractor is investigated. In contrast to the conventional pitch trackers based on numerical curve-fitting, the proposed method employs a quantitative pitch generation model, which is often used for synthesizing F0 contour from prosodic event commands for estimating continuous F0 pattern. An inverse filtering technique is introduced for obtaining the initial candidates of the prosodic commands. In order to find the optimal command sequence from the commands efficiently, a beam-search algorithm and an N-best technique are employed. Preliminary experiments for a male speaker of the ATR B-set database showed promising results both in quality of the restored pattern and estimation of the prosodic events.},
  categories = {f0, jaist}
}
@article{Hitzeman_1997_c,
  author = {Hitzeman, Janet},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Hitzeman_1997_c.ps},
  title = {Semantic Partition and the Ambiguity of Temporal Adverbials},
  journal = {Journal of Natural Language Semantics},
  volume = {5},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Hitzeman_1997_c.pdf},
  pages = {87-100},
  categories = {syntax, semantics}
}
@inproceedings{hennebert-eurospeech97,
  author = {Hennebert, J. and Ris, C. and Bourlard, H. and Renals, S. and Morgan, N.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/eurosp97-remap.ps.gz},
  title = {Estimation of global posteriors and forward-backward training of hybrid {HMM/ANN} systems},
  booktitle = {Proc. Eurospeech},
  address = {Rhodes},
  pages = {1951--1954},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/eurosp97-remap.pdf},
  abstract = {The results of our research presented in this paper are two-fold. First, an estimation of global posteriors[5~5 is formalized in the framework of hybrid HMM/ANN systems. It is shown that hybrid HMM/ANN systems, in which the ANN part estimates local posteriors can be used to model global posteriors. This formalization provides us with a clear theory in which both REMAP and ``classical'' Viterbi trained hybrid systems are unified. Second, a new forward-backward training of hybrid HMM/ANN systems is derived from the previous formulation. Comparisons of performance between Viterbi and forward-backward hybrid systems are presented and discussed.},
  categories = {sprach,am,hybrid,sheffield}
}
@inproceedings{Keeni1997ICDAR,
  author = {Keeni, Kanad and Shimodaira, Hiroshi and Nakayama, Kenji},
  title = {{On Distributed Representation of Output Layer for Recognizing Japanese Kana Characters Using Neural Networks}},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 4'th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, ICDAR'97},
  month = {July},
  note = {Ulm, Germany},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {600--603},
  categories = {hwr, ann, jaist}
}
@inproceedings{Huckvale_1997_a,
  author = {Huckvale, M. and Benoit, C. and Bowerman, C. and Eriksson, A. and Rosner, M. and Tatham, M. and Williams, Briony J.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Huckvale_1997_a.ps},
  title = {Opportunities for Computer-Aided Instruction in Phonetics and Speech Communication Provided by the Internet},
  booktitle = {Eurospeech 97},
  address = {Rhodes, Greece},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Huckvale_1997_a.pdf},
  categories = {phonetics, instruction}
}
@article{Carletta_1997_b,
  author = {Carletta, Jean and Isard, Amy and Isard, Stephen and Kowtko, Jacqueline C. and Doherty-Sneddon, Gwyneth and Anderson, Anne H.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Carletta_1997_b.ps},
  title = {The reliability of a dialogue structure coding scheme},
  journal = {Computational Linguistics},
  number = {1},
  volume = {23},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Carletta_1997_b.pdf},
  pages = {13-31},
  categories = {dialogue coding}
}
@inproceedings{wester-97,
  author = {Wester, M. and Kessens, J.M. and Cucchiarini, C. and Strik, H.},
  title = {Modelling pronunciation variation: some preliminary results},
  booktitle = {Proc. Dept. of Language & Speech},
  address = {Nijmegen},
  pages = {127-137},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/wester.1997.1.pdf},
  abstract = {In this paper we describe a method for improving the performance of a continuous speech recognizer by modelling pronunciation variation. Although the results obtained with this method are in line with those reported by other authors, the magnitude of the improvements is very small. In looking for possible explanations for these results, we computed various sorts of statistics about the material. Since these data proved to be very useful in understanding the effects of our method, they are discussed in this paper. Moreover, on the basis of these statistics we discuss how the system can be improved in the future.},
  categories = {asr, pm, VIOS, Nijmegen}
}
@article{Hitzeman_1997_a,
  author = {Hitzeman, Janet and Mellish, Chris and Oberlander, Jon},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Hitzeman_1997_a.ps},
  title = {Generation of Museum Web pages: The Intelligent Labelling Explorer},
  journal = {Archives and Museum Informatics},
  volume = {11},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Hitzeman_1997_a.pdf},
  pages = {107-115},
  categories = {nlg, ilex}
}
@inproceedings{Black_1997_a,
  author = {Black, Alan W. and Taylor, Paul A.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Black_1997_a.ps},
  title = {Assigning Phrase Breaks from Part-of-Speech Sequences},
  booktitle = {Eurospeech97},
  address = {Rhodes, Greece},
  volume = {2},
  key = {Black \& Taylor},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Black_1997_a.pdf},
  pages = {995-998},
  categories = {synthesis, phrasing, satissfy, festival}
}
@inproceedings{williams-eurospeech97,
  author = {Williams, G. and Renals, S.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/eurosp97-conf.ps.gz},
  title = {Confidence measures for hybrid {HMM/ANN} speech recognition},
  booktitle = {Proc. Eurospeech},
  address = {Rhodes},
  pages = {1955--1958},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/eurosp97-conf.pdf},
  abstract = {In this paper we introduce four acoustic confidence measures which are derived from the output of a hybrid HMM/ANN large vocabulary continuous speech recognition system. These confidence measures, based on local posterior probability estimates computed by an ANN, are evaluated at both phone and word levels, using the North American Business News corpus.},
  categories = {recognition,conf,hybrid,wsj,sheffield}
}
@techreport{king:verbmobil1996a,
  author = {King, Simon},
  title = {Final report for {V}erbmobil {T}eilprojekt 4.4},
  abstract = {Final report for Verbmobil English speech synthesis},
  number = {ISSN 1434-8845},
  month = {January},
  note = {Verbmobil-Report 195 available at {\tt http://verbmobil.dfki.de}},
  year = {1997},
  institution = {IKP, Universitaet Bonn},
  categories = {}
}
@inproceedings{Bao1997-1,
  author = {Ho, Tu Bao and Dung, Nguyen Trong and Shimodaira, Hiroshi and Kimura, Masayuki},
  title = {{An Interactive-Graphic Environment for Discovering and Using Conceptual Knowledge}},
  booktitle = {7th European-Japanese Conference on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases},
  month = {May},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {327--343},
  categories = {kdd, jaist}
}
@inproceedings{Lin97,
  author = {Lincoln, M. and Cox, S.J. and Ringland, S.},
  title = {A fast method of speaker normalisation using formant estimation},
  booktitle = {5th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology},
  address = {Rhodes},
  pages = {2095--2098},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/lincoln-espeech-97.pdf},
  abstract = {It has recently been shown that normalisation of vocal tract length can significantly increase recognition accuracy in speaker independent automatic speech recognition systems. An inherent difficulty with this technique is in automatically estimating the normalisation parameter from a new speaker's speech and previous techniques have typically relied on an exhaustive search to estimate this parameter. In this paper, we present a method of normalising utterances by a linear warping of the mel filter bank channels in which in which the normalisation parameter is estimated by fitting formant estimates to a probabilistic model. This method is fast, computitionally inexpensive and requires only a limited amount of data for estimation. It generates normalisations which are close to those which would be found by an exhaustive search. The normalisation is applied to a phoneme recognition task using the TIMIT database and results show a useful improvement over an un-normalised speaker independent system.},
  categories = {adaptation, vocal tract, speaker characteristics, BT, UEA}
}
@inproceedings{Sproat_1997_a,
  author = {Sproat, R. and Taylor, Paul A. and Tanenblatt, M. and Isard, Amy},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Sproat_1997_a.ps},
  title = {A Markup Language for Text-to-Speech Synthesis},
  booktitle = {Eurospeech 97},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Sproat_1997_a.pdf},
  categories = {synthesis, markup, sable}
}
@inproceedings{Nakai1997Eurospeech,
  author = {Nakai, Mitsuru and Shimodaira, Hiroshi},
  title = {{On Representation of Fundamental Frequency of Speech for Prosody Analysis Using Reliability Function}},
  booktitle = {Proc. EuroSpeech'97},
  month = {September},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Nakai1997Eurospeech.pdf},
  pages = {243--246},
  categories = {f0, jaist}
}
@inproceedings{gotoh-eurospeech97,
  author = {Gotoh, Y. and Renals, S.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/eurosp97-lsa.ps.gz},
  title = {Document space models using latent semantic analysis},
  booktitle = {Proc. Eurospeech},
  address = {Rhodes},
  pages = {1443--1446},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/eurosp97-lsa.pdf},
  abstract = {In this paper, an approach for constructing mixture language models (LMs) based on some notion of semantics is discussed. To this end, a technique known as latent semantic analysis (LSA) is used. The approach encapsulates corpus-derived semantic information and is able to model the varying style of the text. Using such information, the corpus texts are clustered in an unsupervised manner and mixture LMs are automatically created. This work builds on previous work in the field of information retrieval which was recently applied by Bellegarda et. al. to the problem of clustering words by semantic categories. The principal contribution of this work is to characterize the document space resulting from the LSA modeling and to demonstrate the approach for mixture LM application. Comparison is made between manual and automatic clustering in order to elucidate how the semantic information is expressed in the space. It is shown that, using semantic information, mixture LMs performs better than a conventional single LM with slight increase of computational cost.},
  categories = {sprach,lm,bnc,sheffield}
}
@inbook{Nakai1997Book,
  author = {Nakai, Mitsuru and Singer, Harald and Sagisaka, Yoshinori and Shimodaira, Hiroshi},
  title = {{Accent Phrase Segmentation by F0 Clustering Using Superpositional Modeling}},
  booktitle = {Computing Prosody, Chapter 22},
  month = {January},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {343--360},
  categories = {f0, atr, jaist}
}
@mastersthesis{richmond1997b,
  author = {Richmond, K.},
  title = {A Proposal for the Compartmental Modelling of Stellate Cells in the Anteroventral Cochlear Nucleus, Using Realistic Auditory Nerve Inputs},
  school = {Centre for Cognitive Science, University of Edinburgh},
  year = {1997},
  month = {September}
}
@inproceedings{Black_1997_b,
  author = {Black, Alan W. and Taylor, Paul A.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Black_1997_b.ps},
  title = {Automatically Clustering Similar Units for Unit Selection in Speech Synthesis},
  booktitle = {Eurospeech97},
  address = {Rhodes, Greece},
  volume = {2},
  key = {Black \& Taylor},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Black_1997_b.pdf},
  pages = {601-604},
  categories = {synthesis, waveform generation, unit selection, festival, unisyn}
}
@inproceedings{Keeni1997ICPPOL,
  author = {Keeni, Kanad and Shimodaira, Hiroshi},
  title = {{On Representation of Output Layer for Recognizing Japanese Kana Characters Using Neural Networks}},
  booktitle = {Proc. the `17'th International Conference on Computer Processing of Oriental Languages},
  month = {April},
  note = {Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {305--308},
  categories = {ann, jaist}
}
@inproceedings{mayoaylettladd:97,
  author = {Mayo, C. and Aylett, M. and Ladd, D. R.},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/esca2.pdf},
  booktitle = {Intonation: Theory, Models and Applications},
  title = {Prosodic transcription of Glasgow English: an evaluation study of {GlaToBI}},
  categories = {intonation, perceptual evaluation, Glasgow English, transcription, ToBI},
  year = {1997}
}
@incollection{karlsen-casa97,
  editor = {Rosenthal, D. F. and Okuno, H. G.},
  author = {Karlsen, B. L. and Brown, G. J. and Cooke, M. and Green, P. and Renals, S.},
  publisher = {Lawrence Erlbaum Associates},
  title = {Analysis of a simultaneous speaker sound corpus},
  booktitle = {Computational Auditory Scene Analysis},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {321--334},
  categories = {}
}
@article{Kanno1997IEICE01,
  author = {Kanno, Sukeyasu and Shimodaira, Hiroshi},
  volume = {J80-D-II},
  title = {{Voiced Sound Detection under Nonstationary and Heavy Noisy Environment Using the Prediction Error of Low-Frequency Spectrum}},
  journal = {Trans. IEICE(D-II)},
  number = {1},
  month = {January},
  note = {(in Japanese)},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {26--35},
  categories = {asr, jaist}
}
@techreport{Black_1997_e,
  author = {Black, Alan W. and Taylor, Paul A.},
  title = {The {F}estival {S}peech {S}ynthesis {S}ystem: System Documentation},
  address = {Scotland, UK},
  number = {HCRC/TR-83},
  note = {Avaliable at http://www.cstr.ed.ac.uk/projects/festival.html},
  edition = {1.1},
  key = {Black \& Taylor},
  year = {1997},
  institution = {{H}uman {C}ommunciation {R}esearch {C}entre, {U}niversity of {E}dinburgh},
  categories = {synthesis, systems, festival}
}
@inbook{Williams_1997_c,
  author = {Williams, B},
  booktitle = {The Landscape of Future Education in Speech Communication Sciences: 1: Analysis},
  title = {Computer-Aided Learning and Use of the Internet: Speech Sciences Education (section of chapter)},
  categories = {teaching, phonetics, welshdata},
  year = {1997}
}
@inproceedings{Hockey_1997_a,
  author = {Hockey, Beth Ann and Rossen-Knill, Deborah and Spejewski, Beverly and Stone, Matthew and Isard, Stephen},
  booktitle = {Eurospeech '97},
  title = {Can You Predict Responses to Yes/no Questions? Yes, No, and Stuff},
  pages = {2267-2270},
  categories = {dialogue},
  year = {1997}
}
@inproceedings{Kowtko_1995,
  author = {Kowtko, Jacqueline},
  title = {The Function of Intonation in Spontaneous and Read Dialogue},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the XIIIth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences},
  address = {Stockholm, Sweden},
  volume = {2},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {286-289},
  categories = {intonation, dialogue}
}
@inproceedings{Wright_1997_b,
  author = {Wright, Helen and Taylor, Paul A.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Wright_1997_b.ps},
  title = {Modelling Intonational Structure using Hidden Markov Models},
  booktitle = {ESCA workshop on Intonation: Theory Models and Applications},
  address = {Athens, Greece},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Wright_1997_b.pdf},
  categories = {recognition, intonation, dialogue, id4s}
}
@inproceedings{Dusterhoff_1997_a,
  author = {Dusterhoff, Kurt and Black, Alan W.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Dusterhoff_1997_a.ps},
  title = {Generating f0 contours for speech synthesis using the tilt intonation theory},
  booktitle = {Proc. ESCA Workshop on Intonation},
  address = {Athens, Greece.},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Dusterhoff_1997_a.pdf},
  pages = {107-110},
  categories = {synthesis, intonation, festival}
}
@inproceedings{strom97,
  author = {Strom, V. and Elsner, A. and Görz, G. and Hess, W. and Kasper, W. and Klein, A. and Krieger, H.U. and Spilker, J. and Weber, H.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/paper.eurospeech97.ps},
  title = {On the use of prosody in a speech-to-speech translator},
  booktitle = {Proc. European Conf. on Speech Communication and Technology},
  address = {Rhodes},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/paper.eurospeech97.pdf},
  abstract = {In this paper a speech-to-speech translator from German to English is presented. Beside the traditional processing steps it takes advantage of acoustically detected prosodic phrase boundaries and focus. The prosodic phrase boundaries reduce search space during syntactic parsing and rule out analysis trees during semantic parsing. The prosodic focus faciliates a ``shallow'' translation based on the best word chain in cases where the deep analysis fails.}
}
@inproceedings{Jurafsky_1997_c,
  author = {Jurafsky, Dan and Stolcke, A. and Shriberg, E. and Bates, R. and Taylor, P. and Ries, K. and Coccaro, N. and Martin, R. and Meteer, M. and Ess-Dykema, C. Van},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Jurafsky_1997_c.ps},
  title = {Automatic Detection of Discourse Structure for Speech Recognition and Understanding.},
  booktitle = {1997 IEEEWorkshop on Speech Recognition and Understanding,},
  address = {Santa Barbara},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Jurafsky_1997_c.pdf},
  categories = {prosody, recognition, language modelling, intonation, dialogue, satissfy}
}
@incollection{Black_1997_a1,
  editor = {Sagisaka, Y. and Campbell, N. and Higuchi, N.},
  author = {Black, Alan W.},
  publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
  title = {Predicting The Intonation of Discourse Segments from Examples in Dialogue Speech},
  booktitle = {Computing Prosody},
  key = {Black},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {117-128},
  categories = {intonation, dialogue, chatr}
}
@article{Nakai1997IEICE,
  author = {Nakai, Mitsuru and Singer, Harald and Sagisaka, Yoshimori and Shimodaira, Hiroshi},
  volume = {J80-D-II},
  title = {{Accent Phrase Segmentation Based on F0 Templates Using a Superpositional Prosodic Model}},
  journal = {Trans. IEICE (D-II)},
  number = {10},
  month = {October},
  note = {(in Japanese)},
  year = {1997},
  pages = {2605--2614},
  categories = {jaist}
}
@inproceedings{kessens-COST-97,
  author = {Kessens, J.M. and Wester, M. and Cucchiarini, C. and Strik, H.},
  title = {Testing a Method for Modelling Pronunciation Variation},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the COST workshop},
  address = {Rhodos},
  pages = {37-40},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/kessens.1997.2.pdf},
  abstract = {In this paper we describe a method for improving the performance of a continuous speech recognizer by modelling pronunciation variation. Although the results obtained with this method are in line with those reported by other authors, the magnitude of the improvements is very small. In looking for possible explanations for these results, we computed various sorts of statistics about the material. Since these data proved to be very useful in understanding the effects of our method, they are discussed in this paper. Moreover, on the basis of these statistics we discuss how the system can be improved in the future.},
  categories = {asr, pm, VIOS, Nijmegen}
}
@inproceedings{taylor:king:isard:wright:kowtko:eurospeech1997,
  author = {Taylor, Paul A. and King, Simon and Isard, Stephen and Wright, Helen and Kowtko, Jacqueline},
  title = {Using Intonation to Constrain Language Models in Speech Recognition},
  booktitle = {Proc. {E}urospeech'97},
  address = {Rhodes},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Taylor_King_Isard_Wright_Kowtko_eurospeech1997.pdf},
  abstract = {This paper describes a method for using intonation to reduce word error rate in a speech recognition system designed to recognise spontaneous dialogue speech. We use a form of dialogue analysis based on the theory of conversational games. Different move types under this analysis conform to different language models. Different move types are also characterised by different intonational tunes. Our overall recognition strategy is first to predict from intonation the type of game move that a test utterance represents, and then to use a bigram language model for that type of move during recognition. point in a game.},
  categories = {asr, intonation, dialogue, lm,id4s}
}
@inproceedings{richmond1997,
  author = {Richmond, K. and Smith, A. and Amitay, E.},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Richmond_1997_a.ps},
  title = {Detecting Subject Boundaries Within Text: A Language-independent Statistical Approach},
  booktitle = {Proc. The Second Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing},
  address = {Brown University, Providence, USA},
  month = {August},
  pages = {47--54},
  key = {richmond1997},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Richmond_1997_a.pdf},
  abstract = {We describe here an algorithm for detecting subject boundaries within text based on a statistical lexical similarity measure. Hearst has already tackled this problem with good results (Hearst, 1994). One of her main assumptions is that a change in subject is accompanied by a change in vocabulary. Using this assumption, but by introducing a new measure of word significance, we have been able to build a robust and reliable algorithm which exhibits improved accuracy without sacrificing language independency.},
  categories = {nlp, texttiling, subject detection}
}
@article{Taylor_1997_a,
  author = {Taylor, Paul A. and Isard, Amy},
  ps = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Taylor_1997_a.ps},
  title = {{SSML}: A Speech Synthesis Markup Language},
  journal = {Speech Communication},
  number = {21},
  year = {1997},
  pdf = {http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/1997/Taylor_1997_a.pdf},
  pages = {123-133},
  categories = {synthesis, markup, festival, sable}
}
@inbook{Williams_1997_d,
  author = {Williams, B},
  publisher = {longmans},
  booktitle = {Handbook of Standards and Resources for Spoken Language Systems},
  title = {Spoken Language Corpus Representation (section of chapter)},
  categories = {database},
  year = {1997}
}